Undeniably, the opening of a casino on an Indian reservation has improved the economic climate of the area.
Many of the reservations are located in rural, underdeveloped areas of the states. These areas do not have the infrastructure to accommodate any type of industry. Immediately with the arrival of a casino, the economic climate improved.
Large sums of money were spent to build casino buildings. Local construction increased, and more jobs were available in the communities.
A study of three states, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan, revealed that many residents on Indian reservations in the states were unemployed or in welfare.
With the arrival of the casinos , the level of welfare and unemployment decreased considerably.
Also, it is important to note that some of the revenues generated from the casinos become payroll. This payroll is passed not only on Indian reservation by Indians, but also by non-Indian creating an economic multiplier effect to the local area within one to two to one hundred mile radios.
The end result is that not only does the advantage of the reservation, but also the local area and the state.
With regard to their external concerns, Nevada and New Jersey are very concerned about all the casinos that originate from the Indian reservations for various reasons.
Initially, perhaps, the main reason for the objection may have been a loss of its market share of the casino’s profit.
However, on the other hand, they may actually have some legitimate concerns.
America at large is just getting used to the vast game. One of the main stereotypes about the game is that it has been controlled or influenced by the crowd.
Although many Americans are still not convinced this is false, there is a fear that criminal elements may become involved in gambling on Native American reservations due to their lack of experience in this area of ??business.
Another concern about gambling on Indian reservations is the licensing process.
Vigilant observers have indicated that there is a need for a more comprehensive and stricter system of regulation and background research. The same zealousness that is seen in Nevada or New Jersey is not seen within the licensing process on Indian reservations.
However, it has been noted that several of the contracts for the Class III game are now contracted to non-Indian corporations and the Indians are not the largest beneficiaries. In addition, it has been noticed that only a small percentage of the native of the Americans actually work in the casinos.
Without exception, when Native Americans are working within casinos, they are not in any supervisory or management positions.
There are several other very important concerns for Indian play. Since these casinos are located on reservations, it is impossible, or at least extremely difficult to enforce state laws because of their tribal sovereignty.
This restriction makes it difficult to monitor criminal activities. Some activities of great concern are money laundering, fraud, and skimming, which are inherent in established casinos.